(1) The road, both a participant in and a generator of vistas, becomes a surrogate for the human presence.(2) In representing American economic interests in the absence of a tangible American presence, Fort Union was a surrogate for federal authority.(3) Before enrollment in the study, each patient or the patient's designated healthcare surrogate provided written informed consent.(4) The sequence-structure distance can be interpreted as a surrogate for the difference in energies between an ancestral and a descendant protein.(5) In an ordinary presidential election, the winner enjoys the right to call the shots on policy as the political surrogate for the electoral majority.(6) Some Balts hoped that, if and when they joined the EU, it would be a surrogate for a formal military alliance.(7) she was regarded as the surrogate for the governor during his final illness(8) People tend to project disgust properties onto groups of people in their own society who come to figure as surrogates for people's anxieties about their own animality.(9) It's experts who can inspect, audit, and review, acting as surrogates for the importing party.(10) Whereas estimator surrogates , they argue, are subject to empirical justification, true surrogates are still dependent on convention.(11) In addition, a modified version of the portfolio traveled to sixteen venues between 1935 and 1937, with the photographs serving as surrogates for the objects themselves.(12) Discuss the patient's need to make advance directives and to identify surrogates for medical and legal decision-making.(13) Outcome surrogates must be carefully validated to avoid misleading results.(14) In contrast to true surrogates, estimator surrogates have true surrogates as their intended objects of representation.(15) In contrast, in the local strategy, some biodiversity surrogates may not achieve their target.(16) Using outcome surrogates can decrease both study duration and sample size.